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YEAR : 2001

PKC phosphorylation of a conserved serine residue in the C-terminus of group III metabotropic glutamate receptors inhibits calmodulin binding.

AUTHORS : Airas JM, Betz H, El Far O.

N° Pubmed : 11297735
Group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) serve as presynaptic receptors that mediate feedback inhibition of glutamate release via a Ca(2+)/calmodulin (CaM)-dependent mechanism. In vitro phosphorylation of mGluR7A by protein kinase C (PKC) prevents its interaction with Ca(2+)/CaM. In addition, activation of PKC leads to an inhibition of mGluR signaling. Here, we demonstrate that disrupting CaM binding to mGluR7A by PKC in vitro is due to phosphorylation of a highly conserved serine residue, S862. We propose charge neutralization of the CaM binding consensus sequence resulting from phosphorylation to constitute a general mechanism for the regulation of presynaptic mGluR signaling.