YEAR : 2000Calcium-dependent dissociation of synaptotagmin from synaptic SNARE complexes. AUTHORS : Lévêque C
, Boudier JA, Takahashi M, Seagar M
J NeurochemN° Pubmed : 10617141
The formation of the synaptic core (SNARE) complex constitutes a crucial step in synaptic vesicle fusion at the nerve terminal. The interaction of synaptotagmin I with this complex potentially provides a means of conferring Ca2+-dependent regulation of exocytosis. However, the subcellular compartments in which interactions occur and their modulation by Ca2+ influx remain obscure. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-resistant core complexes, associated with synaptotagmin I, were enriched in rat brain fractions containing plasma membranes and docked synaptic vesicles. Depolarization of synaptosomes triggered [3H]GABA release and Ca2+-dependent dissociation of synaptotagmin from the core complex. In perforated synaptosomes, synaptotagmin dissociation was induced by Ca2+ (30-300 microM) but not Sr2+ (1 mM); it apparently required intact membrane bilayers but did not result in disassembly of trimeric SNARE complexes. Synaptotagmin was not associated with unstable v-SNARE/t-SNARE complexes, present in fractions containing synaptic vesicles and cytoplasm. These complexes acquired SDS resistance when N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein (NSF) was inhibited with N-ethylmaleimide or adenosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate), suggesting that constitutive SNARE complex disassembly occurs in undocked synaptic vesicles. Our findings are consistent with models in which the Ca2+ triggered release of synaptotagmin precedes vesicle fusion. NSF may then dissociate ternary core complexes captured by endocytosis and recycle/prime individual SNARE proteins.