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YEAR : 2023

Spike timing-dependent plasticity and memory

AUTHORS : Debanne D, Inglebert Y.

JOURNAL : Current Opinion in Neurobiology
Spike timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) is a bidirectional form of synaptic plasticity discovered about 30 years ago and based on the relative timing of pre- and post-synaptic spiking activity with a millisecond precision. STDP is thought to be involved in the formation of memory but the millisecond-precision spike-timing required for STDP is difficult to reconcile with the much slower timescales of behavioral learning. This review therefore aims to expose and discuss recent findings about i) the multiple STDP learning rules at both excitatory and inhibitory synapses in vitro, ii) the contribution of STDP-like synaptic plasticity in the formation of memory in vivo and iii) the implementation of STDP rules in artificial neural networks and memristive devices.