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ANNEE : 2000

alpha-latrotoxin forms calcium-permeable membrane pores via interactions with latrophilin or neurexin.

AUTEURS : Van Renterghem C, Iborra C, Moutot N, Lelianova V, Ushkaryov Y, Seagar M.

REVUE : Eur J Neurosci
N° Pubmed : 11069591

In order to explore the mechanisms by which alpha-latrotoxin activates neurotransmitter release, we have characterized its effects by patch-clamp methods on cells heterologously expressing its receptors, latrophilin-1 or neurexin-Ialpha. Application of alpha-latrotoxin (1 nM) to cells expressing rat latrophilin or neurexin, but not mock-transfected cells, induced a cationic conductance. In cells expressing latrophilin, current development was slow in the absence of divalent cations, but was accelerated by Ca2+ or Mg2+. In cells expressing neurexin, alpha-latrotoxin did not elicit currents in the absence of Ca2+. The toxin-induced conductance was rectifying, persistent, permeable to monovalent and divalent cations, but blocked by La3+. Single-channel recording revealed a permanently open state, with the same unitary conductance irrespective of whether cells expressed latrophilin or neurexin. Therefore, while pore formation displayed differences consistent with the reported properties of alpha-latrotoxin binding to latrophilin and neurexin, the pores induced by alpha-latrotoxin had identical properties. These results suggest that after anchoring to either of its nerve terminal receptors, alpha-latrotoxin inserts into the membrane and constitutes a single type of transmembrane ion pore.