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ANNEE : 2012

Ca²⁺/cAMP-sensitive covariation of I(A) and I(H) voltage dependences tunes rebound firing in dopaminergic neurons

AUTEURS : Amendola J, Woodhouse A, Martin-Eauclaire MF, Goaillard JM.

REVUE : Journal of Neuroscience
N° Pubmed : 22323729

The level of expression of ion channels has been demonstrated to vary over a threefold to fourfold range from neuron to neuron, although the expression of distinct channels may be strongly correlated in the same neurons. We demonstrate that variability and covariation also apply to the biophysical properties of ion channels. We show that, in rat substantia nigra pars compacta dopaminergic neurons, the voltage dependences of the A-type (I(A)) and H-type (I(H)) currents exhibit a high degree of cell-to-cell variability, although they are strongly correlated in these cells. Our data also demonstrate that this cell-to-cell covariability of voltage dependences is sensitive to cytosolic cAMP and calcium levels. Finally, using dynamic clamp, we demonstrate that covarying I(A) and I(H) voltage dependences increases the dynamic range of rebound firing while covarying their amplitudes has a homeostatic effect on rebound firing. We propose that the covariation of voltage dependences of ion channels represents a flexible and energy-efficient way of tuning firing in neurons.

Commented by Hamood & Goeritz in Journal of Neuroscience: "Correlated voltage-dependences of Ion Channels revealed", J. Neurosci., 32: 7106-8.