ANNEE : 1994Purification of the N-type calcium channel associated with syntaxin and synaptotagmin. A complex implicated in synaptic vesicle exocytosis.AUTEURS : Lévêque C
, El Far O
, Moutot N
, Sato K, Kato R, Takahashi M, Seagar M
J Biol ChemN° Pubmed : 8119979
omega-Conotoxin-sensitive N-type calcium channels control neurotransmitter release at the nerve terminal and interact with proteins implicated in secretion. Solubilized omega-conotoxin receptors from rat brain synaptic membrane were immunoprecipitated by antibodies against calcium channel alpha 1 subunits, syntaxin, and a 105-kDa plasma membrane protein. A multimeric complex, composed of calcium channel subunits, and synaptic proteins that showed varying degrees of association, was purified by a procedure involving anti-syntaxin immunoaffinity chromatography. A 250-kDa N-type alpha 1 subunit, containing cAMP-dependent phosphorylation site(s), was identified by photoaffinity labeling with 125I-azidonitrobenzoyl omega-conotoxin and immunoblotting with sequence-directed antibodies. An immunologically related 210-kDa form of the alpha 1 subunit was detected that displayed different pharmacological and regulatory properties. Protein bands of 140, 70, 58, and 35 kDa comigrated with purified alpha 1 subunits upon sucrose gradient centrifugation, whereas the 105-kDa protein was removed. The 58- and 35-kDa bands contained, respectively, the synaptic vesicle protein synaptotagmin and syntaxin, a plasma membrane protein that binds synaptic vesicle proteins. Purified omega-contoxin receptors were quantitatively immunoprecipitated by anti-syntaxin antibodies. These proteins may constitute an isolated exocytotic complex in which the N-type calcium channel tightly interacts with a synaptic vesicle docking site.