Chercher par auteur :

Chercher par année de publication :

Chercher par mot-clé :

ANNEE : 2023

Visual activity enhances neuronal excitability in thalamic relay neurons

AUTEURS : Duménieu M, Fronzaroli-Molinieres L, Iborra C, Wakade A, Zanin E, Aziz A, Ankri N, Incontro S, Denis D, Brette R, Marqueze B, Debanne D, Russier M.

REVUE : BioRxiv
The dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) has long been held to act as a basic relay for visual information travelling from the retina to cortical areas, but recent findings suggest a largely underestimated functional plasticity of dLGN neurons. However, the cellular mechanisms supporting this functional plasticity have not been yet explored. In particular, it remains to elucidate whether intrinsic neuronal excitability change upon visual stimuli. We show here that monocular deprivation for 10 days reduces the intrinsic excitability of dorsal LGN relay cells. Furthermore, dLGN neurons exhibit long-term potentiation of their intrinsic excitability (LTP-IE) when suprathreshold afferent retinal inputs are stimulated at 40 Hz or when spikes are induced with direct somatic current injection to reproduce patterns of retinal activity. LTP-IE is observed after eye opening and requires calcium influx mediated by L-type calcium channels. It involves activation of PKA and is expressed through the down-regulation of Kv1 potassium channels. In conclusion, our study provides the first evidence for intrinsic plasticity in dLGN relay cells, thus further pointing the role of thalamic neurons in activity-dependent visual plasticity and amblyopia.