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ANNEE : 1996

Immunoassays fail to detect antibodies against neuronal calcium channels in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis serum.

AUTEURS : Arsac C, Raymond C, Moutot N, Dargent B, Couraud F, Poget J, Seagar M.

REVUE : Ann Neurol
N° Pubmed : 8957009

Recent studies suggested that autoantibodies that bind to voltage-dependent calcium channels and activate calcium entry may play a role in the progressive degeneration of motoneurons in sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Immunoassays were performed to assess autoantibody titer in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome, a disease in which the presence of anti-calcium channel antibodies is well documented. Based on immunoprecipitation assays for antibodies against N-type calcium channels, only 8% (2/25) of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients had marginally positive titers, whereas 58% (18/31) of patients with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome had positive titers. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays with purified neuronal N-type calcium channels revealed immunoreactivity in 2 of 25 amyotrophic lateral sclerosis sera and 12 of 31 Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome sera, which is not compatible with suggestions that enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay is a more sensitive technique for the detection of autoantibodies in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Furthermore, based on immunoprecipitation assays, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis sera were totally negative for antibodies against L-type calcium channels from skeletal muscle or brain. These data do not support the hypothesis that an autoimmune response against calcium channels plays a primary role in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.