, SCHOLZE P, GOMEZA J, BETZ H.
The glycine transporter subtype 2 (GlyT2) is localized at glycinergic axon terminals where it mediates the re-uptake of glycine from the extracellular space. In this study, we used the yeast two-hybrid system to search for proteins that interact with the cytoplasmic carboxy terminal tail region of GlyT2. Screening of a rat brain cDNA library identified the PDZ domain protein syntenin-1 as an intracellular binding partner of GlyT2. In pull-down experiments, the interaction between GlyT2 and syntenin-1 was found to involve the C-terminal amino acid residues of GlyT2 and the PDZ2 domain of syntenin-1. Syntenin-1 is widely expressed in brain and co-localizes with GlyT2 in brainstem sections. Furthermore, syntenin-1 binds syntaxin 1A, which is known to regulate the plasma membrane insertion of GlyT2. Thus, syntenin-1 may be an in vivo binding partner of GlyT2 that regulates its trafficking and/or presynaptic localization in glycinergic neurons.