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ANNEE : 2015

Homeostatic regulation of h-conductance controls intrinsic excitability and stabilizes the threshold for synaptic modification in CA1 neurons

AUTEURS : Gasselin C, Inglebert Y, Debanne D.

REVUE : Journal of Physiology (London)
The hyperpolarization-activated cationic (h) current is a voltage-shock absorber, highly expressed in the dendrites of CA1 pyramidal neurons. Up-regulation of Ih has been reported following episodes of intense network activity but the effect of activity deprivation on Ih and the functional consequence of homeostatic regulation of Ih remain unclear. We determined here the contribution of Ih to the homeostatic regulation of CA1 pyramidal cell excitability. Intrinsic neuronal excitability was decreased in neurons treated for 2-3 days with the GABAA channel blocker picrotoxin (PiTx) but increased in neurons treated (2-3 days) with the glutamate receptor antagonist kynurenate (Kyn). Membrane capacitance remained unchanged after treatment but the apparent input resistance was reduced for PiTx-treated neurons and enhanced for Kyn-treated neurons. Maximal Ih conductance was up-regulated after chronic hyperactivity but down-regulated following chronic hypoactivity. Up-regulation of Ih in PiTx-treated cultures was found to accelerate EPSP kinetics and reduce temporal summation of EPSPs whereas opposite effects were observed in Kyn-treated cultures, indicating that homeostatic regulation of Ih may control the induction of synaptic modification depending on EPSP summation. In fact, stimulation of the Schaffer collaterals at 3-10 Hz induced differential levels of plasticity in PiTx-treated and Kyn-treated neurons when Ih was blocked pharmacologically but not in control conditions. These data indicate that homeostatic regulation of Ih normalizes the threshold for long-term synaptic modification that depends on EPSP summation. In conclusion, bidirectional homeostatic regulation of Ih not only controls spiking activity but also stabilizes the threshold for long-term potentiation induced in CA1 pyramidal neurons by repetitive stimulation.